Assessment of environmental impacts and risk of incidents during construction and operation of solar power projects

  • Nguyen Le My Nhan Vietnam Petroleum Institute
  • Luong Kim Ngan Vietnam Petroleum Institute
  • Pham Thi Le Na Vietnam Petroleum Institute
  • Tran Phi Hung Vietnam Petroleum Institute
Keywords: Solar energy, photovoltaic, solar power, environmental impact assessment


The article assesses the impacts of large-scale solar power projects on the environment at each stage of project implementation, including the management and treatment of waste from expired solar panels, and incidents occurring during the construction and operation of solar power projects. The impacts are identified and evaluated, which will serve as a basis for analysing the project’s effectiveness in the context of economic development associated with the goal of sustainable development of the natural environment and the society. On that basis, the authors propose research directions to help state management agencies promulgate relevant regulations in the process of approval as well as environmental management and monitoring of solar power projects in the future. 


BP, “Statistical review of world energy”, 2021. [Online]. Available:

Ember, “Global electricity review 2021”, 2021. [Online]. Available:

Our World in Data, “Installed solar energy capacity, 2020”. [Online]. Available:

Năng lượng Việt Nam, “Cập nhật số liệu khảo sát cường độ bức xạ mặt trời ở Việt Nam", 9/7/2020.

M.M. Hand, S. Baldwin, E. DeMeo, J.M. Reilly, T. Mai, D. Arent, G. Porro, M. Meshek, and D. Sandor, “Renewable electricity futures study”, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), 2012, Vol. 4.

R.R Hernandez, S.B Easter, M.L Murphy-Mariscal, F.T. Maestre, M. Tavassoli, E.B. Allen, C.W. Barrows, J. Belnap, R. Ochoa-Hueso, S. Ravi, and M.F. Allen, “Environmental impacts of utility-scale solar energy”, Journal Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2014, Vol. 29, pp. 766 - 779. DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.041.

IEA - PVPS, “End‐of‐life management of photovoltaic panels: Trends in PV module recycling technologies”, 2020.

SolarTech (USA), “What to do when your solar panels expire”. [Online]. Available: https:/

Năng lượng Việt Nam, “Pin năng lượng mặt trời hết hạn sử dụng và phương án giải quyết”, 12/11/2020.

Báo Nhân Dân, “Giải pháp nào khắc phục ảnh hưởng của điện trường đối với môi sinh”, 24/10/2007.

Công suất lắp đặt điện mặt trời của các nước trên thế giới
How to Cite
Nguyen, L. M. N., Luong, K. N., Pham, T. L. N., & Tran, P. H. (2021). Assessment of environmental impacts and risk of incidents during construction and operation of solar power projects. Petrovietnam Journal, 9, 33 - 38.