Updates on gas hydrate investigation, exploration and production in the world and further direction of its investigation and exploration in Vietnam
Gas extracted from gas hydrate is an unconventional source of natural gas with high potential, being common both in terrestrial deposits in the Arctic and in marine deposits along continental margins. Vietnam is located in an area that is assessed to have a good potential of gas hydrate. In recent years, the investigation, exploration and trial production of gas hydrate have been paid much attention and strongly deployed in many countries. A series of key projects of geological-technical characterisation, resources assessment, and trial production have been carried out and obtained encouraging results in many regions around the world. In Vietnam, there have been general studies, preliminary assessment of gas hydrate premises and indicators.
The article summarises the current status of the investigation, exploration and exploitation of gas hydrate in the world and especially in Japan, China, and makes suggestions on further direction of its investigation and exploration in Vietnam.
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Ru-wei Zhang, Jing-an Lu, Pen-fei Wen, Zeng-gui Kuang, Bao-jin Zhang, Hua Xue, Yun-xia Xu, and Xi Chen, “Distribution of gas hydrate reservoir in the first production test region of the Shenhu area, South China Sea”, China Geology, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 493 - 504, 2018. DOI: 10.31035/cg2018049.
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Koji Yamamoto, Norio Tenma, and Masanori Abe, “Japan’s phase four methane hydrate research program”, Fire In The Ice: Methane Hydrate Newsletter, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2021.
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Trần Châu Giang, “Cập nhật thông tin, tìm hiểu hoạt động tìm kiếm thăm dò khai thác hydrate khí trên thế giới và dự báo tiềm năng hydrate khí ở Việt Nam”, Viện Dầu khí Việt Nam, 2008.
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Trịnh Xuân Cường, “Thu thập, phân tích, tổng hợp các tài liệu về khí hydrate để xác định các dấu hiệu, tiền đề về tiềm năng khí hydrate ở các vùng biển và thềm lục địa Việt Nam”, Viện Dầu khí Việt Nam, 2014.
Douglas J. Turner, Robert S. Cherry, and E. Dendy Sloan, “Sensitivity of methane hydrate phase equilibria to sediment pore size”, Fluid Phase Equilibria, Vol. 228 - 229, pp. 505 - 510, 2005. DOI: 10.1016/j.fluid.2004.09.025.
Ming Su, Rui Yang, Wang Hongbin, Sha Zhibin, Liang Jinqiang, Nengyou Wu, Qiao Shaohua, and Cong Xiaorong, “Gas hydrates distribution in the Shenhu area, northern South China Sea: Comparisons between the eight drilling sites with gas hydrate petroleum system”, Geologica Acta, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 79 - 100, 2016. DOI: 10.1344/GeologicaActa2016.14.2.1.
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