Evaluation of oil spill physical processes in the marine environment

  • Nguyen Quoc Trinh National Centre for Hydro-Meteorological Forecasting, MONRE
  • Nguyen Minh Huan Hanoi University of Science, VNU
  • Phung Dang Hieu Vietnam Institute of Seas and Islands, MONRE
  • Nguyen Quang Vinh Aero-Meteorological Observatory, MONRE
Keywords: Oil spill, physical processes, mathematical simulation


The article introduces some evaluation of oil spill physical processes in the marine environment under the discrete modelling method on the basis of considering the physical processes such as advection, diffusion, upright scrambling and random walk. Based on the most popular formula in the world and comparing results and analysis data, the authors have developed appropriate equations to simulate the physical processes, calculate the coefficients, and parameterise the physical processes affecting the oil spill and the random interaction process of spilled oil.


Rodney J.Sobey, Christopher H.Barker. Wave-driven transport of surface oil. Journal of Coastal Research. 1997; 13(2): p. 490 - 496.

American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE). Stateof-the-art review of modeling transport and fate of oil spills. ASCE, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 1996; 122(11): p. 594 - 609.

Mark Reed, Øistein Johansen, Per Johan Brandvik, Per Daling, Alun Lewis, Robert Fiocco, Don Mackay, Richard Prentki. Oil spill modeling towards the close of the 20th century: Overview of the state of the art. Spill Science & Technology Bulletine. 1999; 5(1): p. 3 - 16.

R.Periáñez. Chemical and oil spill rapid response modelling in the Strait of Gibraltar-Alborán Sea. Ecological Modelling. 2007; 207(2 - 4): p. 210 - 222.

K.D.Stolzenbach, O.S.Madsen, E.E.Adams, A.M.Pollak, C.K.Cooper. Review and evaluation of basic techniques for predicting the behaviour of surface oil slicks. Massachusetts Institute Technology. 1977.

Ana J.Abascal, Sonia Castanedo, Fernando J.Mendez, Raul Medina, Inigo J.Losada. Calibration of a lagrangian transport model using drifting buoys deployed during the prestige oil spill. Journal of Coastal Research. 2009; 25(1): p. 80 - 90.

K.Shankar Rao. Source estimation methods for atmospheric dispersion. Atmospheric Environment. 2007; 41(33): p. 6964 - 6973.

S.Venkatesh, T.S.Murty. Numerical simulations of the movement of the 1991 oil spills in the Arabian Gulf. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 1994; 74: p. 211 - 234.

Vagn Walfrid Ekman. On the influence of the earth’s rotation on ocean currents. Arkiv för Matematik, Astronomi och Fysik. 1905; 2(11): p. 1 - 52.

Nguyễn Quốc Trinh, Nguyễn Minh Huấn, Phùng Đăng Hiếu. Nghiên cứu lan truyền dầu ở Biển Đông phục vụ cảnh báo và tìm kiếm nguồn thải. Báo cáo tiến độ nghiên cứu sinh. Trường Đại học Khoa học Tự nhiên - Đại học Quốc gia Hà Nội. 6/2014.

Hugo B.Fischer, E.John List, Robert C.Y.Koh, Jorg Imberger, Norman H.Brooks. Mixing in inland and coastal waters. Academic Press. 1979.

Akira Okubo. Oceanic diffusion diagrams. DeepSea Research and Oceanographic. 1971; 18(8): p. 789 - 802.

James A.Fay, David P. Hoult. Physical processes in the spread of oil on a water surface. International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings. 1971.

Roger Proctor, Roger A.Flather, Alan J.Elliot. Modelling tides and surface drift in the Arabian Gulf - Applica tion to the Gulf oil spill. Continental Shelf Research. 1994; 14(5): p. 531 - 545.

O.Johansen. Particle in fl uid model for simulation of oil drift and spread - Part I: Basic concepts. Oceanographic Center, Sintef Group, Norway. 1985.

M.A.Badri, A.R.Azimian. Oil spill model based on the Kelvin wave theory and artificial wind field for the Persian Gulf. Indian Journal of Marine Science. 2010; 39(2): p. 165 - 181.

Pavel Tkalich. A CFD solution of oil spill problems. Environmental Modelling and Software. 2006; 21(2): p. 271 - 282.

Ehsan Sarhadi Zadeh, Kourosh Hejazi. Eulerian oil spills model using finite-volume method with moving boundary and wet-dry fronts. Modelling and Simulation in Engineering. 2012.

K.Aghajanloo, M.D.Pirooz, M.M.Namin. Numerical simulation of oil spill behavior in the Persian Gulf. International Journal of Environmental Research. 2013; 7(1): p. 81 - 96.

G.A.L.Delvigne, C.E.Sweeney. Natural dispersion of oil. Oil and Chemical Pollution. 1988; 4: p. 281 - 310.

G.A.L.Delvigne. Natural dispersion of oil by different sources of turbulence. International Oil Spill Conference Proceedings. 1993. p. 415 - 419.

J.O.Hinze. Fundamentals of the hydrodynamics mechanisms of splitting in dispersion process. AIChE Journal. 1955; 1(3): p. 289 - 295.

M.Li, C.Garrett. The relationship between oil droplet size and upper ocean turbulence. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 1998; 36: p. 961 - 970.

P.P.K.Raj. Theoretical study to determine the sea state limit for the survival of oil slicks on the ocean. United States Coast Guard. 1977.

W.D.Forrester. Distribution of suspended oil particles following the grounding of the tanker Arrow. Journal of Marine Research. 1971; 29(2): p. 151 - 170.

M.L.Spaulding, E.Howlett, E.Anderson, K.Jayko. OILMAP: A global approach to spill modeling. 15th Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program Technical Seminar, Canada. 1992; 25(4): p. 15 - 21.

K.Aravamudan, P.Raj, John Ostund, E.Newman, W.Tucker. Break up of oil on rough seas-simplified models and step-by-step calculation. United States Coast Guard. 1982.

S.S.Kutateladze, M.A.Styrikovich. Hydrodynamics of gas-liquid systems. Energy Publishers. 1976.

A.H.Al-Rabeh, H.M.Cekirge, N.Gunay. A stochastic simulation model of oil spill fate and transport. Applied Mathematical Modelling. 1989; 13(6): p. 322 - 329.

X.Chao, J.Shankar, H.F.Cheong. Two-and threedimensional oil spill model for coastal waters. Ocean Engineering. 2001; 28(12): p. 1557 - 1573.

Deborah P.French-McCay. Oil spill impact modeling: Development and validation.Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 2004; 23(10): p. 2441 - 2456.

Hai-Long Yin, Zu-Xin Xu, Chen Wang, and Da Yu. Development of early warning modeling system for sudden chemical spill in plain river network. Journal of Marine Science and Technology. 2011; 19(6): p. 634 - 642.

P.K.Kitanidis. Particle-tracking equations for the solution of the advection-dispersion equation with variable coefficients. Journal of Water Resources Research. 1994; 30(11): p. 3225 - 3227.

E.Lamarre, W.K.Melville. Air entrainment and dissipation in breaking waves. Nature. 1991; 351: p. 469 - 472.

Mô phỏng trường phân bố quỹ đạo giọt dầu sau 73 giờ tràn ra với nồng độ khác nhau tương ứng với đường kính hạt
How to Cite
Nguyen, Q. T., Nguyen, M. H., Phung, D. H., & Nguyen, Q. V. (2015). Evaluation of oil spill physical processes in the marine environment. Petrovietnam Journal, 12, 51 - 60. Retrieved from http://pvj.vn/index.php/TCDK/article/view/745